One whole: the rules of composition in the interior.
April 28, 20213 min read
The world of interior design has its laws - the laws of composition. Their violation can cause a lack of balance and harmony in a living space.
Chaos & Order
A well-thought-out interior design never looks like a random set of objects. Even spaces full of details, mixed styles, and periods will not turn into chaos if you withstand the composition. A composition is an artistic connection of elements that provides their given location in space, turns your interior into a whole story told by the language of expressive means. Well-defined interior composition helps your interior to be fluid and in harmony with all fragments.
All objects in the room must interact with each other: contrast, relate, maintain overall geometry and concept.
Room Dominance & Center
In each interior composition, we always have a dominant. We walk into a room, and at first, our eyes look only at one thing: at a dominant part of your room, only after we notice the rest of the objects. Often, the dominant coincides with the center of the interior composition and highlighted by color, shape, or scale.
A center of your interior composition can be anywhere in a room, not necessarily in the central part. Common centric elements of a space are fireplace, TV area, dining table, window, carpet, head bed in the bedroom.
All other elements of the composition "dancing" around the center supporting the dominant to make your space well balanced.
The center of the composition and its dominant part is not always the same. For example, the center of your room may be a large table in the dining area, but a dominating part of the space will be a ceiling with artistic decoration.
Symmetry & Asymmetry
Symmetry is a logical way of organizing your space. You can use identical decor items or evenly distribute objects of similar shapes and sizes relative to the selected axis.
Same bedside tables with the same table lamps on both sides of the bed head.
Two torches on the sides of the sofa.
Two armchairs opposing sofa that are similar in size and shape.
Identical racks on both sides of the fireplace.
On the other side, there is asymmetry. Asymmetry can be used in the decor and act as a method of placing objects in space. Interior designers can deliberately use asymmetry in a symmetrical interior to create a more inhabited appearance to a room and add dynamics.
Objects Relationship & Rhythm
Psychologists argue that the human brain seeks to perceive images holistically. Therefore, we are more comfortable in harmonious interiors, where elements connected due to texture, color, shape, or repetitive pattern. We subconsciously like repetitive elements that allow us to form a holistic picture.
The relationship of objects in interior design will never be too literal: this is not the same floral print migrating from pillows to carpet, but from carpet to curtains, this is an unobtrusive echo of patterns, shades and shapes. So the rounded back of the sofa can echo the shape of the coffee table, the arched opening and the pattern on the poster, and the color of the curtains is duplicated in a complex carpet pattern.
What is called "rythm" in interior design is something that appears due to repetition of related or identical elements. An example is ceiling beams, columns, arched openings, identical lamps or dining chairs. An interesting design technique is to break the rhythm, for example: among identical chairs, one contrasting in color or texture can be drawn.
Contrasts & Accents
Objects in the interior can be "friends" not only due to "relationship," but also with the help of contrast. The contrast of colors and/or textures is one of the main expressive means of modern design. A smooth matte surface next to a rough concrete wall or brutal brickwork, an active print on an accent wall on contrast with minimalist decoration, contrasting color accents on a neutral background - there are many options. The main thing here is not to overdo, if there are too many contrasts, the look will stop detailing them and turn them into one vague spot.
Even with the same set of ingredients, you can prepare different dishes, depending on the sequence and proportions in which they are used. To make the interior have a "balanced taste," trust a professional who can help you balancing your interior in the best possible way.